Millions of devices and security systems were compromised in 2018 because of a large number of data breaches across various different industries. Even though some of the world’s largest corporations, such as Facebook, suffered plenty of consequences, small businesses took the largest portion of the damage. After all, small businesses lack complex security infrastructures that can keep them safe from numerous cybersecurity threats.
With that said, security has become one of the mandatory aspects of any business and it involves keeping both personal and enterprise data safe and encrypted. One of the most recommended ways to increase cybersecurity is to follow the NIST security guidelines that include methods and practices that can be used for managing security and reducing risks. Keep in mind that the NIST framework is not in any way required by law but it is rather a voluntary guidance that can keep you on track when it comes to ensuring proper online security.
What You Must Know About the NIST Framework
The NIST framework primarily helps individuals and corporations understand cybersecurity and become aware of the risks that come along with it. Following the framework’s guidelines will help you manage your personal or enterprise security more efficiently. Even though the entire framework might seem complex at first, as soon as you understand its five most important guidelines or core values, you will find it easier to follow other security practices. Without further ado, here are the five core guidelines provided by the NIST cybersecurity framework:
- IDENTIFY – The first core value of the framework is the ability to identify both physical and software-related threats, risks, and vulnerabilities tied to your business. This includes identifying business assets that might be considered a vulnerability for any reason.
- PROTECT – The second core value consists of guidelines that will help you ensure that there is always a way to protect your business or organization in case of a cybersecurity attack.
- DETECT – Being able to detect anomalies in the system or suspicious events within the network will help you prevent further damage to your business. In order to be able to detect anomalies, you must always monitor your system and look for unusual changes or activities.
- RESPOND – This NIST framework guideline emphasizes the importance of having a response plan that will be able to prevent or reduce the impact of a cybersecurity attack. This plan serves to prevent the expansion of an unwanted attack, as well as to analyze data in order to prevent any future attacks.
- RECOVER – Last but not least, this core value includes guidelines for recovering from a cyberattack that already took place. The guidelines will teach you how to restore everything that had been affected during the incidents, as well as improve your network for future purposes.
There is a lot to learn when it comes to complying to the NIST cybersecurity framework. However, if you take a look at the five of its most important guidelines or core values, it will be easier to organize your cybersecurity plan and start building new strategies for detection, identification, and prevention of cyberattacks.